Writers Shouldn’t Have to Fear the Future

Edited May 9, 2018: Author Kevin Kneupper has a legal background, and he explains the details of this situation which sums things up much better than I ever could.

This post is inspired by a very unfortunate situation that has developed recently in the indie author community. An author took a commonly used word and trademarked it. I won’t go into specifics, but suffice it to say now this author wants other indie authors (as far as I know she’s only gone after indies) to remove this specific word from the titles of their books.

I’m not affected by this because I’ve never used this word in a title of one of my books. However, it does make me concerned about the future of indie publishing. Are we to expect more of this stuff to happen in the future from other authors? Will we wake up one morning to an email sitting in our inbox from the author or Amazon telling us we’re in violation of a trademarked word because we used it in a title?

That scares me. I’ve been doing this since 2009, and I have never come across anything that’s scares me like this, which is why I feel like I need to write a blog post addressing this topic.

A title change Is NOT simple.

This would be a nightmare if someone asked me to change one of my titles, and I only have ebook and paperbacks. So we’ll forget how much authors spend on making audiobook versions for a moment.  Let’s just think about how much other work and money would go into changing a title.

You have to redo the ebook and paperback covers. Then you have to fix the interior files (the actual book itself). You’d have to update the title page, the copyright page, and any headers with the title in it. Then (this is where it really gets time consuming and scary), you’d have to change the back matter in all of your other books, including the one you just changed the title on.

I currently have sixty-nine romances published. Some will have the book with the title I need to change in the back matter. I’d have to search through them to find out where they are, change them all, and republish them. While D2D updates back matter for you, Amazon and Smashwords don’t. I don’t know if Kobo, iBooks, or Barnes & Noble do since I rely on Smashwords to go wide.

Then you have to update your blog and/or your website to reflect this change. You’d also have to update all of your swag material such as bookmarks and pens. Then, as if that isn’t enough, you’ll have explain to anyone who asks you, what happened and why the title is now different.

This is time consuming and can get expensive.

Also, since I have registered my copyright to all of my books with the US Copyright Office, what happens to the copyright?  Will that copyright still hold up? I’m not a lawyer, so I don’t know.

I’m just a writer who publishes my own books. I don’t have a lot of money. In fact, I’m losing money overall. I could seek out an IP lawyer and get a consultation, but how would things shake out? Is this a slam dunk win for me since I never set out to copy another author by taking a commonly used word and putting it into my title? Or would this result in tons of money being spent in court–money I don’t have in order to prove my innocence?

Do you see why this kind of thing could be a nightmare for authors if this becomes a trend? Every single author could be vulnerable. That’s why I’m addressing it.

The nature of indie publishing

I’ve been publishing on Amazon and Smashwords since 2009. And I’ve noticed some things along the way.

Similar (or even the same) titles get used a lot. Stock photo images from places like Dreamstime.com and Shutterstock.com get used a lot. Same/similar character names get used a lot. Certain fonts get used a lot. Plot ideas (such as a hero and heroine who are forced into marriage or “the beauty and the beast” scenario) get used a lot. Aliens attacking earth, a hero going on some kind of quest in a fantasy, or vampires falling in love with mortal women get used a lot. These types of things are broad. There’s lots of room to move within these basic plot ideas. The authors then take the basic premise and spins a unique story from it. As long as the story is spun in their own way, everything is fine.

Now, here’s when red flags should be going up. If someone plagiarizes your book or if someone outright steals it, then yes, you have a problem. If someone takes your exact cover and uses EVERYTHING in it the EXACT same way you did, yes, that would be problematic. If someone uses your actual series name word for word, you have a problem. If someone uses all of your characters’ names (the first and last) in their books, you might have a problem. (I would be super worried if the other author took multiple characters that were in one of my books. Just one or two with the same first name would not bother me.) If someone takes your author name and uses it as their own author name, you could have a problem. (You have to really look into this one.) You’d have to see if this person’s name is legally theirs, too. There are people who have the same first and last name out there. My suggestion is to either have a unique name (one that isn’t common) or use your middle name to help make you distinct. Ruth Nordin is very common. So I put in Ruth Ann Nordin. The chances of you and this other person have the exact first, middle, AND last name would be suspect.

My personal experience

In the past, I have gotten emails from a few readers who thought someone stole my book because there was a similar cover. The cover was a bride holding flowers. It wasn’t my exact cover, but it was something I could have picked. Keep in mind, there were A LOT of romance books with brides holding flowers back in 2010-2012 when I was getting my feet wet in indie publishing. Now, it’s mostly the hero and heroine in some kind of embrace. And often, the same models are used in these covers today. This is very common. And it is acceptable because the license for that stock photo allows other authors to use those photos. If you want to make sure no one uses that exact picture, then you’d need to get exclusive rights to it. But even then, you might end up with other authors using the same models in other poses.

Anyway, I think it’s only been about five people (a low number) over the course of my indie publishing career that thought another author was stealing my work and putting it under a similar cover. I went to check the books out to see if the readers caught another person stealing my books. Most of the time, the author name’s was different, the actual cover was different from mine (though it was “similar” or had the same model(s), and the title wasn’t one I had used. Fortunately, most these weren’t my books. It had the same “look” but a lot of covers in romance have the same “look”, esp. when you narrow down the sub-genres. It’s just the nature of the romance market in general. Upon looking inside these books, I saw the stories were totally different from mine. So no, these were not a violation of my copyright.

However, I actually have had a couple of cases where my books have actually been plagiarized or stolen. It does happen on occasion (unfortunately). So it’s smart to investigate these cases. Sometimes readers catch something we need to know about.

Also, I’ve have other authors who used my name in a keyword so their books come up when someone searches for my books. This happened early on in my writing career. (Like back in 2011 and 2012 when I hit the radar of the indie community. Since then I’ve pretty much faded into oblivion, so this doesn’t happen anymore.) I’ve heard marketing gurus tell new writers to mention popular authors in their genre order to attract their target audience. So I’m not surprised a new author would put a popular author into their keywords in the meta data for the book or in an ad they’re running. This is common practice. Some authors will even put, “If you like POPULAR AUTHOR A or POPULAR AUTHOR B, then you’ll love my book” in their book description. Usually, they put in traditionally published authors like JK Rowling. Sometimes, they’ll put the popular author’s book title or series instead of the author’s name. So it would read, “If you like Twilight or The Hunger Games, you’ll like my book, too.”  As long as the authors aren’t copying your actual book, I wouldn’t worry about it.

Bottom line:

I don’t know what the future of indie publishing is going to look like. Will trademarking a popular book series, which will then be used as an excuse to tell other authors to change their titles, become a trend in the future? I hope not. But I don’t have control over what another author does. I can only control what I do. I’d like to say this isn’t going to happen again, but I can’t.

The main thing comes down to support. If indie authors supported and cared about each other, it would be a nicer place. I think understanding that readers have a lot of authors they love to read is important to keep in mind. There’s no reason why a reader can’t enjoy Author X’s AND Author Y’s books. There are more readers than there is a single author who can write books for them all. This is especially true in romance. As soon as I publish a book, a reader finishes it within a day or two. What is that reader supposed to do while they wait for my next book? They read other authors’ books. This is why I don’t think we are in competition with each other. There’s enough room for everyone. Sure, some authors will pick up more fans than others. I write more for a niche within romance anyway, so I don’t appeal to the largest fanbase.

My advice (for what it’s worth) is to focus on your own books. Concentrate on writing the best stories you can. Don’t worry about what another author is doing with their titles. Your fans will find you. They will stay with you. The world is big enough for all indie authors.

29 thoughts on “Writers Shouldn’t Have to Fear the Future

  1. annettemori0859 May 8, 2018 / 5:14 pm

    I would not worry about #cockygate because the response has been swift and unmerciful. The blowback to this author has been so damaging I almost feel sorry for the cocky little shit, but I don’t because it was a greedy, mean thing to do!

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 8, 2018 / 6:55 pm

      I’ve read her blog post, her blog comments, and her Facebook comments. Originally, I didn’t think she was doing it for the attention. I thought she trademarked her series but mistakingly thought the trademark applied to titles of other authors’ books. I’m pretty sure the trademark is only for the series (“The Cocky Series” and “Cocker Brothers”). I don’t think it was meant to apply to actual titles of books. Otherwise, the trademark symbol should also be after the “Cocky” in her actual titles, which it’s not. So I thought she misunderstood what her trademark was for. After watching as much of her Facebook video as I could handle today, I think it’s a move to intimidate people into letting her have “Cocky” all to herself. I could be wrong, but that’s the impression I got.

  2. Ron Fritsch May 8, 2018 / 5:45 pm

    For whatever it’s worth, I’ve read a lot in the last few days about what this person is attempting to do, and I don’t think she’ll prevail in court. As you say, Ruth, a lot of authors and other persons in the literary world would be adversely affected if she were to win.

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 8, 2018 / 6:46 pm

      So far I’ve heard RWA is looking into it and an attorney filed to revoke the trademark. I’m hoping this gets resolved in our favor. If it doesn’t, other authors and scammers might take an opportunity to do something like this in the future.

  3. rami ungar the writer May 8, 2018 / 5:51 pm

    Thanks for sharing your expertise, Ruth. It brings some relevant points to the discussion.

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 8, 2018 / 6:46 pm

      I appreciate your help as I was writing this!

      • rami ungar the writer May 8, 2018 / 8:32 pm

        You didn’t need much help, truth be told. But you’re welcome.

  4. williamkendall1 May 8, 2018 / 6:24 pm

    I’ve heard a bit about this item. It sounds like she’s petty, among other things.

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 8, 2018 / 6:44 pm

      It sounds like she wants “Cocky” all to herself since she’s going after titles. As of this afternoon, I saw a screenshot of an author who had two books removed from Amazon, and then Amazon told this poor author that she OWED Falenna compensation. That one was the deciding factor for me to publish this post.

  5. Joleene Naylor May 8, 2018 / 8:37 pm

    A great post on the topic! I also have a lot of concerns going forward with the publishing world, not just this trademark fiasco, but troll reviewers and other things (I’ve seen an uptick in posts about it on facebook, people getting one starred or even having take down notices from Amazon because someone was mad about something in the book, or something the author said on social media, etc.) It’s becoming a very cut throat world, and I know that it’s when the “tough stick it out” and blah blah blah, but I’m not sure I’m tough enough for a lot of it.

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 8, 2018 / 9:08 pm

      I wasn’t even aware of the take down notices from Amazon just because someone was mad at something that happened in the book. That makes no sense to me. No book will please everyone. Early on (2010 or so) someone once wrote to me that they were so mad about the way I handled the end of Eye of the Beholder. They wanted a character to go to prison. I warned this person that I was going to redeem the character in a future book, which (I think) only pissed her off more. She never replied. But goodness… Can you imagine what she would have done with that book today? Eye of the Beholder wouldn’t be on Amazon right now. And who knows? Maybe some day it’ll get removed for the same reason.

      I don’t understand all of this. I know troll reviews happen, but why try to remove a book because of it upset someone or because the author said something? That makes no sense to me. Is it that people want to hurt authors’ careers? I don’t want to see any indie author lose a career. I don’t want this trademark thing to take hold on the indie community, but I don’t want to see anyone’s books removed.

      Is this only happening on Amazon?

      You’re so sweet. I don’t understand how anyone could be upset by anything you do. I understand your worries about finding out one of your books have been removed from Amazon. Amazon has bots that are hurting innocent authors. I come across stories where authors have been hit every few months. One small press owner had her account suspended because one of her authors had the same name as a famous person, but Amazon wouldn’t say which one, and she’s still trying to work out getting the account back up.

      But is this happening on other channels? I know Amazon is a big slice of the pie, but I take comfort in knowing the other retailers are still viable.

      If there’s anything you ever want to discuss in private, you know my email. We’ve known each other since MySpace. I feel like we’ve been through this publishing thing forever.

      • Angela Verdenius May 8, 2018 / 11:51 pm

        I think people forget that stories are from the author’s imagination, and the story unfolds according to how we see it. I don’t get the trolls and nastiness because a story didn’t finish the way someone wanted it. It seems like the more ‘freedom’ we get, the more people in general get slammed for not meeting certain expectations. And are these people actually living in reality? To get so tied to a story or character that they get nasty at the ending is, frankly, a little frightening and makes one wonder about sanity!
        Thank goodness the majority of readers are really nice people who just read to enjoy it and know that imagination is just that – imagination.

        Yes, thankfully there are other distributors out there. I think if Amazon aren’t careful, more authors will go to other distributors.

        • Ruth Ann Nordin May 10, 2018 / 6:32 pm

          The reason I started writing was for a story to go the way I wanted it to. Since then, I found out my characters dictate the stories for me, so my input ends up being moot. 🙂 I don’t know if authors who plot out a book have more control than I do, but it seems that once the story begins, it takes on a life of its own. My original plan was to put that guy in prison. The characters decided otherwise.

          Maybe the reason traditional publishers ended up with so many carbon copy books is because they were afraid of upsetting their readers by going off the script of what is expected. I love indie books for that reason. Indies aren’t boxed into what someone else wants. They’re free to explore stories in fresh and new ways.

          Most readers are really nice and love the indie books because they are different.

          I agree. I think Amazon will lose authors if they keep going like this.

      • Joleene Naylor May 9, 2018 / 12:58 am

        I wish I could remember who posted it… It’s been a couple/few months back and was a friend of a friend of an acquaintance kind of thing. I don’t know how it all turned out in the end, but the gist was that someone was angry about something in the book, so they’d contacted Amazon and claimed there was copyright infringement in the book (which the author said there wasn’t) so Amazon pulled the book down and sent the standard form letter. The author didn’t even know what was going on except whoever had done it bragged or else sent them a message.. I can’t remember if it was a reader who was upset or a fellow author (though the second one makes more sense). No idea how/if it ever resolved. I tried to do a quick search for it, but try looking for “author, amazon pulled book” on facebook posts, ha ha!

        I know during the elections and in the aftermath there were lists of authors going around that had admitted on their social media to voting a certain way, and there was a group trying to organize one star reviewing all of them to “make them suffer” for voting “wrong”. I unfriended a lot of people who were participating in it because I have no issue with one staring a book if someone doesn’t like it, but because you don’t like the author’s political ideas? Unless those ideas are IN the book, it has nothing to do with the story (like if it is a political book then it would matter).

        And then there’s been all the spate of articles on how you have to have a sensitivity reader if you have characters that are anything except white males…what? Why is this even a thing? I’ve seen tons of stuff on how people who are not the same gender or color as a character should not be allowed to write those characters, or long posts with “lessons” on how to write other races/genders when there’s a really easy way to do that: write them like people. And don’t get me started on trigger warnings. If it’s a horror book, does it need a trigger warning? It’s horror. It’s pretty obvious what you’re going to get.

        But you’re right. Most of the trouble and drama and take downs center on Amazon who, sadly, have become the biggest players in the market. I know Rodney does okay ignoring them, but he write Erotica that sells really well elsewhere. If I didn’t sell on Amazon I’d lose half my downloads, and considering how the numbers have already dropped it would make it pretty much pointless to even bother, which is what Amazon is banking on. I’ve been looking at Patreon lately but haven’t come to any conclusions yet. (It’s a subscription based site where people pay so much per month and get access to different things depending on how much they pay – like 1$ a month might earn them your short stories, while 5$ might earn them access to rough drafts, etc.)

        And TY! I appreciate that! 😀 It does feel like, it doesn’t it? Nine years. Wow.

        • Ruth Ann Nordin May 10, 2018 / 6:57 pm

          I spent two hours trying to look for something like that on Facebook, and I got “Amazon pulls book reviews”, “Amazon might pull books if author doesn’t prove they are a bestselling author”, and “Amazon strips rankings.” I probably didn’t go back far enough. It’s like looking for a needle in a haystack at times to find something. But I can see it happening. Amazon has a “remove book, ask questions later” policy. For that reason alone, I will never have anything in Select. But I can see someone claiming “copyright infringement” and getting a book removed just because they didn’t like the book.

          I’m really living under a rock because I had no idea people were one-starring authors for how they voted. At least no one in my timeline feed was calling for it (thankfully). I hate the review system being used to attack authors personally. The reviews should be about the book and that’s it.

          Again, I’m living under a rock because I didn’t realize there are articles about being unable to write about a character who is a different gender or color as you. That makes no sense. Human beings are human beings, regardless of what we look like. I’ve studied enough history to know that human nature hasn’t changed at all since the beginning of time. Our books should be about who the characters are, not what they look like. I don’t care what a character looks like as long as the story is good. No wonder Rami did a blog post about how he worried about offending people in his stories. I read a short he did, and while the character was nothing like me, I still enjoyed it. I think most readers are looking at stories the same way. I think they just want to escape and be entertained.

          I had to chuckle about the horror warning. It sounds like an argument that all romance books need a heat level warning. The problem with those would be that Amazon would automatically hide books based on violent or sexual content. They’re already pushing down erotica. I might not read or write erotica, but it worries me when a retailer hides books like that. Let the consumer decide what gets out there and what doesn’t. Why is it a retailer’s job?

          I can see why you’re concerned. This last election made me feel like I’m living in the Twilight Zone. I’ve never seen division like this before. It makes me want to play some music and hide in my stories. I’m happiest when I’m writing.

          I don’t know what the answer is. I’m just going to keep living under my rock and write for as long as I can. I really don’t want to live in fear anymore of what might happen. I did that for the past two years when I was writing to market, and i was miserable. I love the Patreon idea. It would be a viable alternative to run to if we ever had our books knocked off retailers for some reason. I’m hoping that will never happen, but I do like having a backup plan. That decreases my worries, too.

          I ran the numbers and did charts on the past three years of book sales that I’ve had, and Amazon is 67% of my income. Even after being wide this entire time. When my income shrank, it did it across all retailers. It wasn’t just one retailer. I originally thought it was one retailer, which is why I checked. Amazon is still a big player and probably will continue to be.

          • Joleene Naylor May 11, 2018 / 3:16 am

            AHHHH! This is driving me crazy! I’ve spent a couple hours now, too, scrolling through posts and can not find it either! I tried Twitter as well (in case that’s where I saw it at), but Twitter’s search is about as useless as facebooks… I’m gonna message some people and see if someone knows who it was because it’s just bugging me at this point. I wish I had paid more attention at the time. (I did find some articles on the general phenomenon of fake DMCA and Amazon, though, when I gave up and started trying google to find it – I’ll email you those. Also have some links for some of the other stuff too, but don’t want to drag the blog comments too far off topic – or anymore off topic ha ha! – so will email those to you as well.Hopefully someone I message knows who it was or how it turned out, or what the whole deal was…urgh!)

            I think you’re better under your rock. I used to be under a rock with like three author friends and totally disconnected and I liked it much better.

  6. Angela Verdenius May 8, 2018 / 11:46 pm

    I’m gobsmacked. I haven’t heard of this, but now I’m going to have to Google it!!!
    Hey, my old Heart & Soul series had titles “Heart of an Outlaw’, Heart of the Betrayed, Heart of a Traitor etc. Another author came in later with a title ‘Heart of a Rebel’ (or something to that effect). Uhhh…would I bother about trademarking the title? No! Same with all the Dark books from Christine Feehan, for example – the Carpathian series. They all start with ‘Dark’, but I know other authors also have titles starting with ‘Dark’.
    Geez…where will it all end? Hope it never gets this far – we’d be constantly changing titles and eventually just give up! (maybe LOL)

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 10, 2018 / 5:56 pm

      I know! This is a nightmare. I’m hoping we can get the trademark removed. I can imagine other authors and especially scammers doing this in the future if it doesn’t get removed. I think it will. From what I’ve researched over the past couple of days, it looks very promising that this will end up in the indie community’s favor.

      Yes, there are a lot of the same words used in a lot of titles. There are only so many words we have in the English language, and when you break down genres, the words get narrower. Readers have come to expect certain words in the genre they read in. These words are used to help readers know that we write the kind of books they’re looking for. If a reader accidentally picks up the wrong author’s book, they can return it most of the time. And even if they didn’t, maybe they’ll find another author they like. There’s no harm in that.

  7. janetsyasnitsick May 9, 2018 / 12:17 am

    This is a great post and a warning to other authors about what this author has done. She has thrown the author community into a tizzy. In the process, she also is damaging her reputation and eventually her book sales with these actions. However, this must be stopped with litigation, so other authors do not try this tactic. Excellent post and God bless.

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 10, 2018 / 6:09 pm

      Courtroom battles could take years and tons of money that would end up mostly with the lawyers. After watching Kevin Kneupper on the Self-Publishing with Dale L. Roberts channel
      on You Tube today, (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gj0kkXPMljI), I think the best thing to do is to remove the trademark on the word and then get back to writing as quickly as possible. The video is a good one. It also covers information about copyright that’s useful to authors in general.

  8. Sue, the YA Author May 9, 2018 / 5:54 pm

    What a hot mess! Isn’t it hard enough to self publish without having to go to war with another author? I guess it just reflects a shifting of the times…

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 10, 2018 / 6:15 pm

      It is a hot mess, and I’m hoping it’ll be resolved as quickly as possible. From keeping up with what’s happening, it sounds like the trademark on the word will be removed. That would be great. Then other authors and scammers aren’t going to be likely to try this in the future.

      • Sue, the YA Author May 20, 2018 / 3:29 pm

        I guess they were shooting for anything to stand out of the crowded publishing world, and I guess they found it too!

  9. Joleene Naylor May 14, 2018 / 2:35 am

    Another thought I had today – if you change your title, does your amazon/other retailers link change? I can’t imagine trying to find everywhere online I’d linked to one of my books and changing it… I’m in the middle of rebranding and have a week scheduled this summer just for changing book covers everywhere. I can’t imagine having to change everything.

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 17, 2018 / 2:15 pm

      That’s a good question. I’m not sure. I think someone who changed her title from her “cocky” book ended up losing her reviews. I’m not sure if she lost her ranking or if her Amazon link changed. She was a KU author, so this didn’t effect her anywhere else. Since Amazon does a link by the ASIN, I think her link would be okay. However, on other retailers like Kobo, I notice that the link has the book title in it. So I’m not sure what would happen. I assume the links would be different, and you’d have to update that everywhere you linked to your book. Ick. What a pain. This stuff isn’t simple at all. Updating an interior file or cover is bad enough.

      Mind if I ask how you’re rebranding your series? What new look are you going for?

  10. leslietallmanning May 14, 2018 / 3:52 pm

    Thanks for the article, and thanks to all who responded!
    Well, as a writer who would never use the word “cocky” or any derivative of the word, I feel pretty safe. However, if I did have a book out with the word “cocky” and the book was written years ago, I would have nothing to worry about because I would have already copy written my book, which includes title and text, probably before that freak ever wrote a book. Point being that if you already have a book title with the word in it, no court of law will make you remove the word. At least none that I am aware of. If my last name is Coke, the company cannot make me change my last name. They can only make sure that I do not have a soda named after me. There are TONS of books with the same titles, or words in the titles. Case in point: My latest book used to be titled “Dream a Little Dream,” but there were a few other books out there with the same name, so before it was published, I changed the title to “Maggie’s Dream” which I totally love. Honestly, I do not think this “cocky” writer will get very far with her trademark. And even if she does, we should all take solace in knowing that there are always better titles for our work. Again, if your work already has the word in the title, I cannot imagine any court of law that would be on her side, as well as I cannot imagine she has the money to start suing people left and right. Who’s got that kind of time anyway? Life is too short for her bullsh**.

    • Ruth Ann Nordin May 17, 2018 / 2:30 pm

      I’m not effected by this either. I don’t write anything with “cocky” in it. My concern is if other authors decide to start trademarking words that I have either used or want to use in my titles. The fact that the Trademark Office even okayed this word is ridiculous. I can see trademarking “Cocker Brothers” and even a certain stylized version of “cocky” (though she didn’t have permission from the font creator to do that, so that might get her in trouble with that trademark). Thankfully, Kevin Kneupper has filed for a removal of the trademark on the word “cocky”. I wouldn’t know the first thing to do something like that.

      I don’t think Falenna would win in court against an author who used “cocky” in her title before she started publishing books. The first step would be to see a lawyer about it and go from there. I imagine this wouldn’t be cheap if it was taken up in the courts. Even if Falenna lost, who would pay the lawyer fees? I have no legal background at all, so I have no idea how it all works. As an update, however, it looks like the trademark for the word “cocky” is pending cancelation. https://twitter.com/eunapark/status/996857140542345217/photo/1 So that’s good news.

      • leslietallmanning May 17, 2018 / 2:57 pm

        Oh good. Thanks for keeping us up to date. It is a whole new world, isn’t it???

        • Ruth Ann Nordin May 17, 2018 / 7:32 pm

          It is a whole new world. I can barely keep up with everything that’s going on. 🙂

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